The development of alternative energy is considered as one of the ways to reduce the environmental pollution and carbon dioxide emissions. In Russia, the current level of development of alternative energy is not high. Russia requires the regulatory mechanisms that would contribute to the development of this energy sector. The objective of the article is to analyze and determine the directions for improving state in"uence by creating regulatory mechanisms for the development of alternative energy. In this work, the following scienti!c research methods were used: data analysis, study of statistical data, and analysis of literary sources. The role of alternative energy has been determined since it helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and prevent climate change. In the world, this determines the development, considering international agreements and the implementation of the national policies of many states in this regard. Alternative energy has not been suf!ciently supported in Russia, many researchers have doubts about the effectiveness of supporting such projects. Prospects for further research are related to further study of the dynamics of the alternative energy development, as well as the study of government decisions in this area.
Issues of the efficiency of the energy industry are connected with the high cost of energy resources and the negative impact that generating energy has on the environment. The energy industry-related security of the state is closely associated with addressing the demand for domestic energy generation, including the security of such generation. Digitalization in the energy industry is aimed at solving these problems, allowing us to increase efficiency and subsequently improve the security of the electric energy industry. The purpose of this paper is to analyze and identify the directions for the development of digitalization in the energy industry in Russia as a direction of its overall development, ensuring the growth of energy efficiency and of the energy security of the state. It was determined that the “fourth energy transition” is currently taking place globally, being associated with the aim of increasing energy efficiency alongside the digitalization, decentralization, and decarbonisation of energy industry.
This paper analyses the ideational interaction underlying attempts at regional integration and cooperation in Eurasia. While the ideas and values of the European Union have been relatively well-studied within the theory of Europeanisation, the key concepts, ideas, values and principles driving Eurasian regionalism have remained out of the main focus of Western scholarship. This paper aims to shed more light on this ideational basis of Eurasian regionalism by unveiling the discourse developed in Russian scholarship and available only in Russian. Understanding interactions between institutions will always remain partial as long as the ideational interaction is not addressed. Such concepts as ‘integrative mentality’, as a segment of the wider category ‘foreign policy mentality’, and the theory of neo-Eurasianism have been incorporated into Russian political discourse and therefore affect public opinion through specific interpretation of economic, political and cultural processes in the EU’s near neighbourhood and the EU as an actor. The analysis presented in this paper indicates the development of new ideational competition, in addition to the well-documented geopolitical one. The paper also aspires to contribute to emerging research on public support to governmental strategic choices and self-legitimation of international organisations in Eurasia.
During the last decade, international trade has undergone many shocks of different kinds that have dramatically changed the nature of trade itself. Now international trade has come to a triple crossroads.
First, international trade had grown at a higher rate than GDP for many decades, a trend that was interrupted by the global financial and economic crisis in 2010. The recent study of the IMF (2016) cast doubt on whether trade would remain a driving engine of the world economy. It is also unclear how digital technologies might change the features of world trade. Second, the leading nations have responded to the crisis by imposing massive trade restrictions (that the G20 had initially managed to avoid). As a result, the multilateral system of trade regulation has been plunged into a deep crisis.
Finally, global governance in trade itself is at a crossroads, with nationalistic feelings on the rise and the threat looming of widening trade wars. Worse, it remains unclear whether this situation will stabilise any time soon.
The publication was carried out within the framework of a joint project of HSE University and the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences for the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the USSR / Russia and the Republic of Indonesia. The project heads are Dr. Evgeny Kanaev (HSE University) and Dr. Dmitry Mosyakov (IOS RAS).
The global energy landscape is currently shaken by tectonic shifts.1 We witness
dramatic changes in energy geopolitics, the formation of the global system of energy
governance, a huge wave of massive technological innovations, global markets are
undergoing a radical transformation embracing a fast multiplication of new sources
of energy, newproducts, newproducers, and suppliers, coupled with the development
of the vast and sophisticated infrastructure and an increasing efficiency in energy use.
Each and every component of the system is touched upon by a wind of change that
brings about the contours of a new energy global order.
The world is currently undergoing an historic energy transition, driven by increasingly stringent decarbonisation policies and rapid advances in low-carbon technologies. The large-scale shift to low-carbon energy is disrupting the global energy system, impacting whole economies, and changing the political dynamics within and between countries. This open access book, written by leading energy scholars, examines the economic and geopolitical implications of the global energy transition, from both regional and thematic perspectives. The first part of the book addresses the geopolitical implications in the world’s main energy-producing and energy-consuming regions, while the second presents in-depth case studies on selected issues, ranging from the geopolitics of renewable energy, to the mineral foundations of the global energy transformation, to governance issues in connection with the changing global energy order. Given its scope, the book will appeal to researchers in energy, climate change and international relations, as well as to professionals working in the energy industry.
Although Russia and Indonesia have ample reasons to make their cooperation comprehensive, nuanced and multi-dimensional, practice routinely falls short of expectations. Notable impediments include a large distance magnified by inefficient infrastructure, as well as lack of institutional and technological interdependence and weak people-to-people contacts, and most importantly, insufficient stimuli to expand ties beyond their present scope. Revealingly, practice demonstrated that market forces alone cannot make the Russia-Indonesia cooperation really deep, close, multi-dimensional and, by implication, strategically-oriented. Accounting for Moscow’s and Jakarta’s plans to elevate their relations to the level of Strategic Partnership, a new instrument to make them relations exactly what their forthcoming status suggests is needed.
The article examines the current transformation of ASEAN−UK foreign economic cooperation pattern in the context of digitalization of the global economy. Brexit as a manifestation of the European integration crisis has catalyzed diversification of Britain’s foreign trade in services. Southeast Asian nations are becoming the UK’s priority partner in this area. In these circumstances, parties have to choose the model of their future trade agreement and the degree of trade liberalization.
The article presents the results of a study aimed at identifying universities’ resources and competencies interrelated with their export activities, and at analyzing these interrelations. To achieve this purpose, the indicators of university activities over a four-year period and the dynamics of their changes are analysed. With the help of panel data analysis methods, the relationships between quantitative indicators characterizing the resources, universities’ competencies, and the results of their export activities are estimated. The annual performance indicators of 589 Russian universities are analyzed through four academic years – from the 2013/14 up to the 2016/17. Over the indicated period, 74 % of the universities included in the sample increased the number of foreign students, this growth in most cases being unstable if taken year by year. The universities with positive changes in the number of foreign students show the following resources and competencies: the development of incoming students’ international academic mobility; international teaching staff and a high level of their qualifications; partnership with enterprises for organizing student practice; international cooperation in research. The results of the study may be of interest for universities planning to develop the export of educational services and making decisions on the implementation of measures aimed at attracting foreign students. The paper analyzes the performance of universities having the necessary data for four years in open access. For further research, the list of analyzed indicators can be expanded, with the values of indicators considered for a longer period of time.
«The Future of the Eurasian Economic Union: Economic Digitalization and the Youth» is the topic of the Annual Report 2019 of the Integration Club under the Speaker of the Russian Federation Council. Over the 5 years since the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union was signed on May 29, 2014, the EEU has proved its efficiency for the member states and also has earned an important position among world’s regional integration groupings. In particular, this can be seen by the surge of the third countries interest in cooperation with the EEU. To maintain such a positive dynamics it is needed today to define the future development direction of the Eurasian integration. For that purpose greater attention should be given to the work in the sphere of the digitalization of the EEU economy and implementation by the member states the youth policy which could respond to present day challenges. In this context, the aim of politicians, scientists and experts is to find the appropriate solutions to provide connection between these two large processes. The opinions and estimates by the Integration Club members on that topic as well as the club events papers and the articles provided by the leading universities, think tanks and state authorities are presented in the report. The report would be helpful for those interested in the Eurasian integration and its prospect in today’s world.
The digital economy presents new challenges for economic agents, including digital commerce. Digital technology creates not only benefits, but also barriers to modern economic infrastructure. In trade, they are mainly tariff, but within countries and regions, such as the EU, non-tariff barriers continue to operate, including the creation of new ones. The aim of this work is to examine in detail the current trade restrictions associated with the development of the digital economy. The methods used in the work include comparison, analysis, graphic analysis. The graphs show us that there is a correlation between the share of R&D in GDP and high-tech exports. It also demonstrates the methods by which barriers are not only studied, but also reduced. The author presents an analysis of non-tariff barriers to digital trade, which have a significant impact on trade exchange, and also presents a classification of these barriers, which develops a modern concept of the problem.